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Criminal Law

Circumstantial Evidence Backs Robbery, Firearm Convictions (access required)

The Court of Appeals affirms defendant’s robbery and firearm convictions, based on his presence in a vehicle that matched the description of a vehicle that carried four young men allegedly involved in an early-morning street robbery about 15 minutes earlier, ...

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Reversal for Inadmissible Prior Robbery Evidence (access required)

The Court of Appeals reverses defendant’s conviction for robbery, third or subsequent offense, because the trial court erred in admitting evidence of two prior Maryland convictions for robbery because those convictions were not for offenses “substantially similar” under Va. Code ...

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Defendant’s Absence at Discovery Hearing Not Plain Error (access required)

On plain error review, the 4th Circuit holds that a district court did not err in holding a hearing not attended by defendant on defense counsel’s motion in limine to exclude prosecution expert witnesses identified only two days before trial. ...

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Investor States ‘Loss Causation’ for Fraud Claim (access required)

In an amended complaint alleging defendants, a technology company and its founder, chair and CEO, committed securities fraud by selling plaintiff investor a series of notes as investments to allow defendant company to bring to the U.S. technology the individual ...

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Kidnapping is Lesser Included Offense of Hostage-Taking (access required)

In this prosecution of Somali defendants for piracy and related crimes, a Norfolk U.S. District Court finds that the Kidnapping Statute and the Hostage Taking Statute impermissibly overlap for purposes of double jeopardy because kidnapping is a lesser included offense ...

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