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Criminal Law

Burglaries Were on ‘Separate’ Occasions (access required)

A district court did not err in determin­ing that during a two-day crime spree, defendant committed two separate bur­glaries on different occasions, making de­fendant eligible for an enhanced sentence under the Armed Career Criminal Act; the 4th Circuit affirms defendant’s ...

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Detention After Traffic Stop Was ‘Reasonable’ (access required)

A police officer who stopped defendant for a suspected fraudulent inspection sticker and illegal window tint, and who observed five, strongly scented air fresh­eners inside the car, and who, within min­utes, confirmed that the vehicle did not belong to the ...

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Convictions Upheld for Fake ‘Stash House’ Robbery Plan (access required)

The 4th Circuit affirms drug, robbery and firearm convictions for three defen­dants arising from their plan to rob a co­caine “stash house,” which did not actual­ly exist but was fabricated by undercover federal agents as part of a sting operation; ...

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Evidence Inadequate for ‘Inventory Search’ Policy (access required)

Although an officer had authority to impound defendant’s vehicle which had stopped in a lane of traffic, the common­wealth introduced no evidence of the local policy on vehicle inventory searches the of­ficer claimed to be implementing, and the presumption that ...

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