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CHEVY CHASE BANK F S B, et al.
COURT OF APPEALS OF VIRGINIA
Present: Judges Frank, Clements and Senior Judge Bray
Record No. 2538-02-4
CHEVY CHASE BANK F S B AND
VIGILANT INSURANCE COMPANY
DONALD M. JOHNSON
MEMORANDUM OPINION* PER CURIAM
FEBRUARY 25, 2003
FROM THE VIRGINIA WORKERS’ COMPENSATION COMMISSION
(Robert C. Baker, Jr.; Dobbs & Baker, on brief), for appellants.
(Alan C. Siciliano; DeCaro, Doran, Siciliano, Gallagher & DeBlasis, LLP, on brief), for appellee.
Chevy Chase Bank F S B and its insurer (hereinafter referred to as “employer”) contend the Workers’ Compensation Commission erred in finding that employer failed to prove that Donald M. Johnson (claimant) was able to return to his pre-injury work as of July 13, 2001. Upon reviewing the record and the parties’ briefs, we conclude that this appeal is without merit. Accordingly, we summarily affirm the commission’s decision. Rule 5A:27.
“General principles of workman’s compensation law provide that ‘in an application for review of any award on the ground of change in condition, the burden is on the party alleging such change to prove his allegations by a preponderance of the evidence.’” Great Atl. & Pac. Tea Co. v. Bateman, 4 Va. App. 459, 464, 359 S.E.2d 98, 101 (1987) (quoting Pilot Freight Carriers, Inc. v. Reeves, 1 Va. App. 435, 438-39, 339 S.E.2d 570, 572 (1986)). Unless we can say as a matter of law that employer’s evidence sustained its burden of proving that claimant was able to perform all of the duties of his pre-injury employment, the commission’s findings are binding and conclusive upon us. See Tomko v. Michael’s Plastering Co., 210 Va. 697, 699, 173 S.E.2d 833, 835 (1970).
In denying employer’s application, the commission found as follows:
Dr. [Sheldon] Margulies opined in July 2001 that the claimant was capable of part-time work but that he could not perform all of the duties of his full time pre-injury employment. Dr. Margulies has treated the claimant since August 2000, and we defer to that doctor’s opinions regarding the claimant’s work status. Although Dr. [Melissa] Neiman opined that the claimant could perform all of his pre-injury work duties on a full time basis, Dr. Neiman concurred in the opinion that the claimant suffered from post-traumatic headache syndrome.
We have not overlooked the videotapes. These videotapes show the claimant performing on stage on three different occasions over a one and a half year period. However, it does not appear that the videotapes were shown to Dr. Margulies. The Deputy Commissioner, who observed the videos and observed the claimant at the hearing, held that the videotapes were less sufficient than the treating physician’s opinion regarding the claimant’s work status. The record is not sufficient to overcome this determination.
Dr. Margulies’s medical records and opinions amply support the commission’s findings. As fact finder, the commission was entitled to weigh the medical evidence, to accept Dr. Margulies’s opinion, to reject Dr. Neiman’s contrary opinion, and to give little probative weight to the videotapes. It is well settled that credibility determinations are within the fact finder’s exclusive purview. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. v. Pierce, 5 Va. App. 374, 381, 363 S.E.2d 433, 437 (1987). Moreover, “[q]uestions raised by conflicting medical opinions must be decided by the commission.” Penley v. Island Creek Coal Co., 8 Va. App. 310, 318, 381 S.E.2d 231, 236 (1989).
In light of Dr. Margulies’s opinion and the commission’s credibility determination, we cannot find as a matter of law that employer’s evidence sustained its burden of proof. Accordingly, we affirm the commission’s decision.
* Pursuant to Code ??17.1-413, this opinion is not designated for publication.