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STEPP, et al. v. FOSTER, et al. (59416)

NOTICE: The opinions posted here are subject to formal revision. If you find a typographical error or other formal error, please notify the Supreme Court of Virginia. STEPP, et al. v. FOSTER, et al. January 14, 2000 Record No. 990404 ...

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DOGWOD VALLEY CITIZENS ASS'N v. SHIFFLETT

In a proceeding which followed from a homeowners' association's levy of special assessments and subsequent warrants in debt against lot owners in a development, the circuit court did not err in determining that the association, a non-stock Virginia corporation, did not qualify as a property owners? association under the Property Owners? Association Act, Code §§ 55-508 through -516.2. Because the filing of the association's articles of incorporation and bylaws in the land records did not constitute a declaration imposing upon it operational or maintenance responsibilities for the common areas or roads of the development, the judgment of the circuit court is affirmed.

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AHARI v. MORRISON

In a wrongful death action, the circuit court did not err in granting the defense plea of the statute of limitations. Because Rule 1:8 requires leave of court to amend any pleading after it is filed, an amended complaint is not deemed filed, and is thus without legal efficacy, until a trial court grants leave to amend. Thus, the claims asserted against the defendants named in an amended complaint were time barred despite plaintiff having sought leave to amend three days prior to the expiration of the limitations period. The judgment is affirmed.

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LLOYD v. KIME

In a medical malpractice case, the trial court did not err in using deposition evidence to resolve a motion in limine and subsequent motion for summary judgment where no objection was made, or in holding that an expert witness was not qualified under Code § 8.01-581.20 to testify on standard of care and breach thereof respecting intraoperative negligence. However, it was an abuse of discretion to conclude that the expert was not qualified to testify on these issues with respect to postoperative negligence, or causation as to either allegation of negligence. The judgment is affirmed in part and reversed in part, and the case is remanded.

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OTT v. L&J HOLDINGS

In a declaratory suit addressing whether a wife's execution of a deed should be set aside as exceeding her authority under a power of attorney, the circuit court did not err in admitting parol evidence. Credible evidence supported the findings that the deed was not a deed of gift, that it was given for a valuable consideration without donative intent, that the transfer was undertaken for legitimate business reasons, and that both spouses received benefits commensurate with their respective property interests without any self-dealing by the wife. The transaction was therefore within the powers granted by the power of attorney. The judgment is affirmed.

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PHELPS v. COMMONWEALTH

In a prosecution for felony eluding and endangerment in violation of Code § 46.2-817(B), the defendant was himself a "person" endangered by his own conduct and could be convicted under this section on that basis. The judgment of the Court of Appeals upholding his conviction is affirmed.

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JOHNSON v. TICE

In considering a habeas corpus petition, the circuit court erred in holding that petitioner satisfied his evidentiary burden in an ineffective assistance of counsel claim based on failure to move for suppression of his confession at trial. As a matter of law, petitioner failed to establish that there was a reasonable probability of a different result at trial if the jury had not considered the confession. The record does not undermine confidence in the outcome of the proceedings, and the assignment of cross-error regarding trial counsel's failure to offer a particular letter in evidence does not affect this decision.

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MISSION RESIDENTIAL v. TRIPLE NET PROPERTIES

In an appeal from an order denying a motion to stay arbitration proceedings pursuant to Code § 8.01-581.02(B) filed by one of the members of a member-managed limited liability company against the other member, the trial court erred in denying the motion where the party opposing it failed to meet its burden of proving the existence of an agreement in which the movant had agreed to submit its disputes with the limited liability company to arbitration. The circuit court's judgment is reversed and the case is remanded for further proceedings.

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BISHOP v. COMMONWEALTH

In a prosecution for violation of Code § 46.2-357 the Commonwealth failed to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant received actual notice that he had been determined to be an habitual offender, where the transcript of the defendant's driving record failed to clearly reflect that he had received such notice. The defendant's conviction for a violation of Code § 46.2-357 is dismissed. On request of the Commonwealth and the defendant, a conviction for violation of Code § 18.2-460(C) is vacated, and a portion of the case is remanded to the circuit court for a new sentencing proceeding on the lesser included offense as set forth in Code § 18.2-460(B).

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PURCE v. PATTERSON

The trial court did not err in ruling that an estranged husband was not eligible for an elective share of the spouse's augmented estate under Code § 64.1-16.3. The record shows that both before and after the parties separated, the husband showed none of the normal indicia of supporting his spouse or of the marital relationship. The evidence was sufficient to support the trial court?s holding that he abandoned his wife prior to and continuing until the time of her death under Code § 64.1-16.3. Accordingly, the judgment of the trial court that he was not eligible for an elective share of the wife's augmented estate is affirmed.

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PARKER v. COMMONWEALTH

In a prosecution for the felony of obtaining money in excess of $200 under false pretense in violation of Code § 18.2-178 by passing off fake pills in a drug transaction, the element of false inducement to part with money or property was proven by sufficient evidence and the question whether the purchaser would have parted with his money or goods without this pretense was properly a question for the jury. The judgment of the Court of Appeals, upholding the conviction, is affirmed.

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COSTON v. BIO-MEDICAL APPLICATIONS

In a medical negligence case alleging that defendant's employees placed the plaintiff in a defective chair for a kidney dialysis procedure, even though they had knowledge that the chair was not safe, the allegations, if proven at trial, would be sufficient to establish a prima facie case of medical negligence without the necessity of expert testimony. Based upon these allegations, the issue whether the acts or omissions constitute medical negligence is within a jury's common knowledge and experience and, therefore, expert testimony is not necessary. The judgment of the circuit court is reversed and the case is remanded for a trial on the merits.

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GLENN v. COMMONWEALTH

The circuit court correctly denied a defendant's motion to suppress evidence obtained in a search of his grandfather's house, where the grandfather consented to the search without reservation and defendant took no action to countermand such consent or object to the search of that portion of the residence he claimed he occupied and a closed backpack found therein. The facts available to the officers at the time of the search of the house were thus sufficient to lead a reasonable police officer to believe that the grandfather had authority to consent to a search of the backpack. The Court of Appeals' judgment affirming defendant's convictions is affirmed.

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WRIGHT v. COMMONWEALTH

The Court of Appeals did not err in finding that a circuit court, after accepting a plea agreement of the type specified in Rule 3A:8(c)(1)(C), can nevertheless impose additional terms of suspended incarceration and post-release supervision pursuant to Code §§ 18.2-10(g) and 19.2-295.2(A) when such terms are not mentioned in the plea agreement. Because general principles of contract law apply to plea agreements and the law in effect when a contract is made becomes a part of the contract as though expressly incorporated therein, the judgment of the Court of Appeals of Virginia is affirmed.

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BOLDEN v. COMMONWEALTH

In the prosecution of firearms possession charges related to a drug offense, there was sufficient evidence that the defendant was aware of the presence and character of the firearm and that it was within his dominion and control, in a bag immediately adjacent to where he sat in a vehicle. The bag containing the gun was open and obvious, and at the time it was observed, defendant possessed illegal drugs with the intent to distribute same. The evidence was sufficient to establish that he possessed the firearm, and the judgment of the Court of Appeals is affirmed.

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WELCH v. COMMONWEATH

NOTICE: The opinions posted here are subject to formal revision. If you find a typographical error or other formal error, please notify the Supreme Court of Virginia. WELCH v. COMMONWEALTH NOVEMBER 16, 1999 Record No. 1232-98-1 BRUCE ALAN WELCH v. ...

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WOODSON v. WOODSON

NOTICE: The opinions posted here are subject to formal revision. If you find a typographical error or other formal error, please notify the Supreme Court of Virginia. WOODSON v. WOODSON NOVEMBER 16, 1999 Record No. 1257-99-3 ANTHONY CARL WOODSON v. ...

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DOUGLAS v. COMMONWEATH

NOTICE: The opinions posted here are subject to formal revision. If you find a typographical error or other formal error, please notify the Supreme Court of Virginia. DOUGLAS v. COMMONWEALTH NOVEMBER 16, 1999 Record No. 1344-98-2 DWAYNE ANTHONY DOUGLAS v. ...

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ALLIED SIGNAL, INC., et al. v. PERSINGER

NOTICE: The opinions posted here are subject to formal revision. If you find a typographical error or other formal error, please notify the Supreme Court of Virginia. ALLIED SIGNAL, INC., et al. v. PERSINGER NOVEMBER 16, 1999 Record No. 1505-99-2 ...

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NEW RIVER CASTINGS CO., et al. v. MAPLE

NOTICE: The opinions posted here are subject to formal revision. If you find a typographical error or other formal error, please notify the Supreme Court of Virginia. NEW RIVER CASTINGS CO., et al. v. MAPLE NOVEMBER 16, 1999 Record No. ...

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DUTZMAN v. WOODDELL, et al.

NOTICE: The opinions posted here are subject to formal revision. If you find a typographical error or other formal error, please notify the Supreme Court of Virginia. DUTZMAN v. WOODDELL, et al. NOVEMBER 16, 1999 Record No. 1735-99-4 JOLEANE DUTZMAN ...

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MERCER v. COMMONWEALTH

NOTICE: The opinions posted here are subject to formal revision. If you find a typographical error or other formal error, please notify the Supreme Court of Virginia. MERCER v. COMMONWEALTH January 14, 2000 Record No. 990821 BRIGITTE MERCER v. COMMONWEALTH ...

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LOGAN v. COMMONWEALTH

Trial court did not err in refusing to suppress out-of-court or in-court identifications of appellant based on a single photograph shown to a witness during the investigation of an unrelated crime

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HALIFAX CORPORATION v. FIRST UNION NATIONAL BANK

NOTICE: The opinions posted here are subject to formal revision. If you find a typographical error or other formal error, please notify the Supreme Court of Virginia. HALIFAX CORPORATION v. FIRST UNION NATIONAL BANK June 8, 2001 Record No. 001944 ...

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BENNETT v. COMMONWEATH

NOTICE: The opinions posted here are subject to formal revision. If you find a typographical error or other formal error, please notify the Supreme Court of Virginia. BENNETT v. COMMONWEALTH NOVEMBER 16, 1999 Record No. 0925-98-2 ALLEN DALE BENNETT v. ...

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THE STATE v. JONES

NOTICE: The opinions posted here are subject to formal revision. If you find a typographical error or other formal error, please notify the South Carolina Supreme Court. THE STATE v. JONES   THE STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA In The Supreme ...

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THE STATE v. McHONEY

NOTICE: The opinions posted here are subject to formal revision. If you find a typographical error or other formal error, please notify the South Carolina Supreme Court. THE STATE v. McHONEY   THE STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA In The Supreme ...

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MARTIN v. MARTIN

NOTICE: The opinions posted here are subject to formal revision. If you find a typographical error or other formal error, please notify the Supreme Court of Virginia. MARTIN v. MARTIN NOVEMBER 16, 1999 Record No. 0129-99-4 RANDALL ALLAN MARTIN v. ...

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SHAUN ANTHONY WOODHOUSE v. COMMONWEALTH OF VIRGINIA

Trial court did not err in denying motion to suppress evidence of firearm where police officers had reasonable articulable suspicion under totality of circumstances to detain appellant and owner of vehicle gave permission for search resulting in seizure of firearm

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WUBNEH v. COMMONWEALTH

No error in trial court?s finding that Commonwealth presented credible and competent evidence to prove object used to intimidate victim in robbery was in fact a firearm

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MICHAEL A. BAILEY v. COMMONWEALTH OF VIRGINIA

Trial court did not err in admitting four rocks of cocaine recovered from appellant?s accomplice?s pocket into evidence as they were legally relevant; evidence was sufficient to support conviction of possession of cocaine with intent to distribute

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AMERICAN ZURICH v. MARTINEZ et al.

Commission erred in setting aside and vacating unappealed decision of deputy commissioner on ground of mutual mistake of fact where evidence did not prove parties shared same mistaken belief as to identity of claimant?s supervisor; res judicata bars claimant?s second claim against employer

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HENNESS v. ROANOKE CITY

Judgment of trial court terminating appellant?s parental rights to her child affirmed where her parental rights were terminated under two subsections of statute and appellant only presented argument on appeal with regard to one of the subsections

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ALSTON v. COMMONWEALTH

Issue of postrelease supervision imposed in final order remanded to trial court to fix a term between confines of six months and six years

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WOODHOUSE v. COMMONWEALTH

Trial court did not err in denying motion to suppress evidence of firearm where police officers had reasonable articulable suspicion under totality of circumstances to detain appellant and owner of vehicle gave permission for search resulting in seizure of firearm

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