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KUZNICKI v. MASON

In a suit by condominium unit owners involving a limited common element, under Code §§ 55-79.53(A) and -79.80(B) only a condominium unit owners? association has standing to sue for claims related to common elements and limited common elements. As a result, the circuit court erred by failing to address the standing issue asserted by the defendants, but nevertheless properly dismissed the plaintiff's complaint; therefore, the judgment is affirmed.

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FARRAKHAN v. COMMONWEALTH

The trial court erred in finding a criminal defendant guilty of possession of a concealed weapon described in Virginia Code § 18.2-308(A), having previously been convicted of a felony offense. The kitchen knife the defendant possessed was not a "weapon" because it was neither designed for fighting purposes nor commonly understood to be a "weapon." The judgment of the Court of Appeals is reversed and the defendant's conviction is vacated.

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ROBINSON v. COMMONWEALTH

In the prosecution of a husband and wife on multiple counts of contributing to the delinquency of a minor under Code § 18.2-371 arising from a party held at their home at which alcohol was served to their underage son and his guests, the trial court did not err in denying the defendants' motions to suppress evidence obtained as a result of a warrantless search and seizure occurring within the curtilage of their home. Exigent circumstances existed, the investigating officer had probable cause to justify his entry into the curtilage, and he did not exceed the scope of implied consent to such entry. The Court of Appeals' judgment upholding the trial court's judgment is affirmed.

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CROCKER v. RIVERSIDE BRICK & SUPPLY CO.

A truck driver employed by a shipping company engaged by a supplier of masonry products to deliver stone to a customer is not barred by the Virginia Workers' Compensation Act from bringing a personal injury claim against the customer since this defendant is an "other party" within the meaning of the Act. The shipping company's driver was not the defendant's statutory employee because, even though she endeavored to assist in unloading the pallets of stone, the unloading of the freight was the sole responsibility of the defendant. The judgment is reversed, and the case is remanded for further proceedings.

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ELLISON v. COMMONWEALTH

In a civil proceeding under Code § 37.2-900 et seq., the Commonwealth alleged that an inmate previously convicted of a sexual crime was a sexually violent predator. Under the doctrine of collateral estoppel and the constitutional protections against double jeopardy, the trial court did not err by admitting into evidence in the civil trial evidence from a rape victim in a criminal case where the defendant had been acquitted. The judgment is affirmed.

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WESTLAKE PROPERTIES v. WESTLAKE POINTE ASS'N

In a property owners' association's action against the corporate developer of a townhome community and the construction contractor, no error or abuse of discretion is found in the trial court's rulings allowing the association to proceed on a damage claim involving nonparty property owners, finding that the association had standing, concluding that individual property owners were not necessary parties, denying a mistrial arising from impeachment of a witness, or instructing the jury concerning proximate causation and damages. The judgment is affirmed.

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SULLIVAN v. ROBERTSON DRUG CO.

In a physician's contribution action against a pharmacist and his employer following the physician's settlement of a malpractice claim, the trial court erred in giving jury instructions suggesting that the pharmacist could not be found liable for the whole, indivisible injury caused by prescribed medications he had dispensed, permitting the jury to apportion damages based on relative degrees of the parties' negligence, and by submitting the reasonableness of the settlement to the jury where the pharmacist failed to present evidence that it was unreasonable or excessive. The judgment is reversed and the case is remanded for a new trial on all issues.

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KESWICK CLUB v. COUNTY OF ALBEMARLE

Considering an application under Code § 58.1-3984 for correction of real property tax assessments, the circuit court erred in employing the standard of review applicable when assessments are entitled to a presumption of validity, requiring proof of manifest error or that controlling evidence was disregarded. An assessment based on a single market value determination approach, when others are not considered and properly rejected, is not entitled to a presumption of validity. The judgment is reversed and the case remanded for application of the less stringent standard of review requiring the taxpayer to prove only that the assessments were erroneous.

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JACQUELINE ANN LESESNE v. THADDEUS JOHN ZABLOCKI

Judgment pertaining to the trial court?s ruling that the evidence was sufficient to prove appellee made a gift to appellant of his separate interest in the marital home at the time of the 1997 refinancing is reversed, and the matter is remanded to the trial court for reconsideration; judgment affirmed in part, reversed in part, and remanded

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COMMONWEALTH v. JEFFREY MAURICE WELLS

Trial court did not err in concluding that the evidence presented by the Commonwealth at the suppression hearing failed to establish an investigatory stop based on a reasonable articulable suspicion of the evasion or avoidance of a roadblock; judgment of the trial court affirmed

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HARLEN (HARLON) DILLON BLANKENSHIP v. COMMONWEALTH

Appellant failed to properly preserve for appeal the issue of whether the trial court erred in allowing the prosecutor to make improper remarks to the jury during his closing argument; appellant?s convictions are affirmed

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DAVIS v. COMMONWEALTH

Trial court did not err in rejecting appellant?s claim of self-defense and in finding that appellant used excessive force; appellant?s conviction for assault and battery is affirmed

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EDGER BARNETT v. COMMONWEALTH

Trial court did not err in denying appellant?s motion to strike the Commonwealth?s evidence as the evidence was sufficient to prove that appellant attempted to break and enter the apartment building with the intent to commit larceny and that he possessed a burglarious tool; appellant?s convictions are affirmed

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LESESNE v. ZABLOCKI

Judgment pertaining to the trial court?s ruling that the evidence was sufficient to prove appellee made a gift to appellant of his separate interest in the marital home at the time of the 1997 refinancing is reversed, and the matter is remanded to the trial court for reconsideration; judgment affirmed in part, reversed in part, and remanded

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JERRY LAMONT BARNES v. COMMONWEALTH

Trial court did not err in finding the prosecutor?s use of a peremptory strike to remove a member of the jury panel was not racially motivated, refusing to instruct the jury that malice may not ordinarily be inferred from a blow with a fist, and refusing to instruct the jury on heat of passion; appellant?s conviction is affirmed

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COMMONWEALTH v. WELLS

Trial court did not err in concluding that the evidence presented by the Commonwealth at the suppression hearing failed to establish an investigatory stop based on a reasonable articulable suspicion of the evasion or avoidance of a roadblock; judgment of the trial court affirmed

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DEVAN ELISA KOCH v. COMMONWEALTH

Appellant?s convictions of forgery and uttering of a public record are affirmed as the evidence was sufficient to prove the community service attendance sheet was a public record within the meaning of Code Section 18.2-168; trial court did not err in admitting into evidence a document providing appellant with notice that the community service attendance sheet was a public record

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MACDONALD v. COMMONWEALTH

Trial court did not err in convicting appellant of solicitation to commit a felony and contributing to the delinquency of a minor

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BLANKENSHIP v. COMMONWEALTH

Appellant failed to properly preserve for appeal the issue of whether the trial court erred in allowing the prosecutor to make improper remarks to the jury during his closing argument; appellant?s convictions are affirmed

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NICHOLS v. COMMONWEALTH

Trial court did not err finding the evidence was sufficient to support appellant?s conviction of possessing a firearm as a convicted felon

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BARNETT v. COMMONWEALTH

Trial court did not err in denying appellant?s motion to strike the Commonwealth?s evidence as the evidence was sufficient to prove that appellant attempted to break and enter the apartment building with the intent to commit larceny and that he possessed a burglarious tool; appellant?s convictions are affirmed

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BARNES v. COMMONWEALTH

Trial court did not err in finding the prosecutor?s use of a peremptory strike to remove a member of the jury panel was not racially motivated, refusing to instruct the jury that malice may not ordinarily be inferred from a blow with a fist, and refusing to instruct the jury on heat of passion; appellant?s conviction is affirmed

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KOCH v. COMMONWEALTH

Appellant?s convictions of forgery and uttering of a public record are affirmed as the evidence was sufficient to prove the community service attendance sheet was a public record within the meaning of Code Section 18.2-168; trial court did not err in admitting into evidence a document providing appellant with notice that the community service attendance sheet was a public record

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FREDERICK LEON DAVIS v. COMMONWEALTH

Trial court did not err in rejecting appellant?s claim of self-defense and in finding that appellant used excessive force; appellant?s conviction for assault and battery is affirmed

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ARMSTRONG v. COMMONWEALTH

Trial court did not err in finding appellant guilty of unlawful carnal knowledge, in violation of Code Section 18.2-63

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VILLAFANA v. COMMONWEALTH

Trial court did not err in refusing appellant?s proposed jury instruction addressing the voluntariness of his pretrial confession

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DARRIO L. COST v. COMMONWEALTH

Trial court did not err in denying appellant?s motion to suppress as the officer had probable cause to seize the capsules after a pat down; trial court did not err in finding the evidence sufficient to convict appellant of possession of heroin with the intent to distribute

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KISER v. COMMONWEALTH

Trial court did not err in denying appellant?s motion to suppress evidence; appellant?s conviction for possession of a controlled substance with intent to distribute is affirmed

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COST v. COMMONWEALTH

Trial court did not err in denying appellant?s motion to suppress as the officer had probable cause to seize the capsules after a pat down; trial court did not err in finding the evidence sufficient to convict appellant of possession of heroin with the intent to distribute

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ROCKINGHAM MEMORIAL HOSPITAL v. SHIFFLETT

Summary affirmance ? no error in commission?s finding that appellee established she sustained a change in condition causally related to her compensable right knee injury, and, therefore, the two-year limitations period contained in Code Section 65.2-708 was applicable to her claim for temporary total disability benefits

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MALDONADO v. COMMONWEALTH

Trial judge erred by failing to set aside the jury verdict after an ex parte communication occurred between court personnel and the jury during deliberations; appellant?s conviction is reversed and the case is remanded for a new trial

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LEON NATHANIEL PRATT, JR. v. COMMONWEALTH

Appellant?s conviction for uttering counterfeit currency is affirmed as the circumstantial evidence was sufficient to exclude all reasonable hypotheses of appellant?s innocence

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VERNON v. COMMONWEALTH

Trial court did not err in finding the evidence sufficient to convict appellant of two counts of uttering forged checks and two counts of petit larceny, second offense

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COMMONWEALTH v. CARL L. DESEI

Trial court erred in finding that the government initiated the contact with appellant and in granting appellant?s motion to suppress; judgment is reversed and the case is remanded for a determination of whether appellant knowingly and intelligently waived his previously invoked right to counsel

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EALY v. COMMONWEALTH

Trial court did not abuse its discretion in refusing to allow appellant to question the witness about her nephew as the proffered evidence was not legally admissible; appellant?s convictions are affirmed

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