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Tag Archives: 4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals

‘Reasonable Suspicion’ Needed for Probation Arrest (access required)

Probation officers must have “reasonable suspicion” in order to arrest a person for a probation violation, and defendant probation officers violated a plaintiff’s Fourth Amendment rights when they arrested him on an unenforceable order to pay court costs and fines, ...

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Burglaries Were on ‘Separate’ Occasions (access required)

A district court did not err in determin­ing that during a two-day crime spree, defendant committed two separate bur­glaries on different occasions, making de­fendant eligible for an enhanced sentence under the Armed Career Criminal Act; the 4th Circuit affirms defendant’s ...

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EEOC Can Enforce Subpoena in Illegal Worker Case (access required)

In considering an undocumented alien’s Title VII claim against defendant carwash, a district court erred in refus­ing to enforce the EEOC’s subpoena seek­ing information related to the complaint; whether and to what extent Title VII cov­ers undocumented aliens is a ...

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Detention After Traffic Stop Was ‘Reasonable’ (access required)

A police officer who stopped defendant for a suspected fraudulent inspection sticker and illegal window tint, and who observed five, strongly scented air fresh­eners inside the car, and who, within min­utes, confirmed that the vehicle did not belong to the ...

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Convictions Upheld for Fake ‘Stash House’ Robbery Plan (access required)

The 4th Circuit affirms drug, robbery and firearm convictions for three defen­dants arising from their plan to rob a co­caine “stash house,” which did not actual­ly exist but was fabricated by undercover federal agents as part of a sting operation; ...

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‘Virginia Law’ Supports Incumbent Choice (access required)

The 4th Circuit affirms a district court’s decision that it had no subject matter ju­risdiction over a lawsuit filed by the 24th Senatorial District Republican Committee of Virginia and its committee chair chal­lenging Virginia’s Incumbent Protection Act, which allows an ...

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