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Home / Editors' Picks / 4th Circuit applies private sector standard to federal workers (access required)

4th Circuit applies private sector standard to federal workers (access required)

The 4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals has applied the private sector “materially adverse” standard for retaliatory conduct to reverse the dismissal of a federal employee’s race-based retaliation and harassment claims under Title VII. The court held that Title VII’s federal sector provision incorporated its private sector anti-retaliation provision. “Our examination of Title VII’s text [and relevant ...