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Employment Law

WDVA: Complaint served 227 days post-filing can proceed (access required)

As amended in 2015, Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 4(m) doesn’t require dismissal of a complaint served late, even with good cause not shown. Here, extending the service deadline better served the interests of justice, since it wouldn’t prejudice the ...

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WDVA: Jury should decide all three of worker’s FMLA claims (access required)

On reconsideration, an auto worker’s FMLA retaliation claim can go to trial after all. Having already found fact issues material to his other claims, the court concluded it would be inconsistent not to send the retaliation claim to the jury ...

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WDVA: Servers state wage claim for “side work” time (access required)

Tipped employees at Macado’s stated a claim for unpaid wages related to untipped “side work” they were required to do. Rather than alleging a specific amount of time they spent on side tasks, it was sufficient to allege they spent ...

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EDVA: Spouse-plaintiffs proceed to consolidated discrimination trial (access required)

The plaintiff, a former executive, survives summary judgment on several claims arising from her treatment by the company’s CEO during and after a volatile intimate relationship involving threats and abusive behavior. Her husband’s separate claim for Title VII retaliation can ...

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4th Cir.: Each wrongly fired officer was a distinct insurance claim (access required)

The district court erred in finding that three police officers, fired in retaliation for their joint action, represented a single claim for municipal insurance purposes. Thus, the per-claim policy limit applied to each officer individually, rather than the trio as ...

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4th Cir.: Corporate structure didn’t change plan administrator (access required)

Although some claims analysts were on a different Hartford subsidiary’s payroll, they nevertheless processed the plaintiff’s disability claim on behalf of the entity designated as plan administrator. Accordingly, under ERISA, the administrator’s decision to terminate benefits was subject only to ...

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EDVA: Court rejects amended complaint as prolix, imprecise (access required)

In a multi-plaintiff race discrimination suit against a state agency, the court said an attempt to “streamline” the original complaint did just the opposite, finding that plaintiff-by-plaintiff presentation of allegations was repetitive and too many claims relied on “information and ...

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4th Cir.: Slurs read aloud didn’t create hostile environment (access required)

A prosecutor who read racial slurs aloud from potential evidence, which he was evaluating at a pre-trial meeting, did not create a hostile work environment for the black police officers in the room. Even if such conduct could give rise ...

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Va. Cir.: Fear of termination not good cause to resign (access required)

An employee with a felony record was not discharged when his employer announced that employees would be subject to background checks and let go if they were felons. Rather, he voluntarily terminated his own employment in anticipation of discharge and ...

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4th Cir.: City worker’s Title VII retaliation claim revived (access required)

Fired the day after asking for grievance paperwork, a black employee reasonably believed she was subject to a hostile work environment that was attributable to her employer. The district court erred in granting summary judgment against her. Background In August ...

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