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Employment Law

EDVA: Letter to EEOC didn’t exhaust administrative remedies (access required)

After filing a charge of discrimination, a Bed Bath & Beyond manager sent a separate letter alleging that her supervisor encouraged her husband to cheat and retaliated when she complained. A federal court held that these claims weren’t part of ...

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EDVA: Experience insufficient to qualify expert witness (access required)

In an age discrimination suit, a federal court struck the plaintiff’s designation of a human resources expert whose opinion was based only on 30 years’ experience in the field, but no reliable principles or methods cited. Background Plaintiff Angela Georges ...

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EDVA: County liable for almost $1M after FMLA violation (access required)

In addition to the judgment of approximately $750,000 entered against a municipality for failing to reinstate an employee after FMLA leave, the county will also be liable for over $200,000 in pre-judgment interest and attorneys’ fees and costs. Background In ...

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4th Cir.: Rule 9 particularity applies to fraud-based defenses (access required)

An employer’s collective bargaining impasse rights did not override its ERISA obligations to employees hired post-impasse. The employer also didn’t plead its fraud-dependent affirmative defenses with sufficient particularity. Background Appellant Just Born II Inc. and the Bakery, Confectionary and Tobacco ...

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CAV: Employee termination for unethical conduct upheld (access required)

A Department of Social Services employee who worked in secret for a Department contractor had adequate opportunities for notice and hearing in the proceedings leading to his termination. Background Appellant John Carpenter was employed as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program ...

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EDVA: All claims fail in sex-abuse fallout litigation (access required)

After reports of sexual misconduct appeared in the Washington Post, a private school sued its former executive director for allegedly sharing sensitive documents with the paper, and she counterclaimed based on the circumstances of her resignation. No reasonable jury could ...

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CAV: Plain language mandates lighter burden on coal miner (access required)

The Workers’ Compensation Commissioner correctly interpreted a provision of the Workers’ Compensation Act to set forth a disjunctive set of proof standards, of which the claimant need satisfy only one to show permanent total disability. Background Appellee Carson Vanover, currently ...

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WDVA: Subpoena for attorney emails, work product quashed (access required)

In a teacher’s pay discrimination suit, emails and salary-comparison documents created by the school board’s attorney were privileged, even if created for pre-litigation settlement discussions. Background Plaintiff Debra Colley worked for Defendant Dickenson County public school system from 2007 until ...

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EDVA: Willful FLSA violations merit liquidated damages, fees (access required)

An employer who admitted awareness of federal requirements but failed to keep time records was liable to its employees for unpaid overtime and unpaid lunch breaks going back three years, plus liquidated damages and attorney fees. Background Plaintiffs Catherine Riggle ...

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CAV: No evidence that seeing needle caused EMT to faint (access required)

The Commission erred in concluding that an EMT, who had previously felt light-headed but never fainted when seeing large needle injections, showed that his loss of consciousness was caused by observing a spinal injection. Background On July 1, 2016, Appellee ...

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