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Opinion Digests

WDVA: Jails must deliver nonprofit’s materials to inmates (access required)

A regional jail authority is preliminarily enjoined from confiscating publications mailed to inmates by the Human Rights Defense Center. The policy banning delivery of such publications is not rationally related to any legitimate purpose identified by the defendants. Background Plaintiff ...

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WDVA: “Unite the Right” conspiracy claims survive dismissal (access required)

In 1871, Congress passed a law “directed at the organized terrorism in the Reconstruction South,” now codified at 42 U.S.C. § 1985. Over 140 years later, the Ku Klux Klan, various neo-Nazi organizations, and associated white supremacists rallied in Charlottesville. ...

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EDVA: Long-detained immigrant entitled to bond hearing (access required)

A Salvadoran immigrant, detained for the past 14 months while he challenges removal, deserves an individual bond hearing to determine whether flight risk or danger to society justifies his prolonged detention. Background Petitioner Jose Rodriguez Portillo first unlawfully entered the ...

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EDVA: Manafort storage-unit docs won’t be suppressed (access required)

The government obtained valid consent to enter a storage unit containing Paul Manafort’s business documents, obtained a valid warrant to seize some of the documents, and properly executed the warrant. Background On May 26, 2017, Special Agent J. Pfeiffer interviewed ...

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4th Cir.: City had no duty to protect public from unruly kids (access required)

Despite not providing school transportation to students with known disciplinary problems, municipal entities had no duty to stop the students from harming residents of the neighborhoods the students traversed to reach school. Background Richard Fletcher and his wife lived just ...

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4th Cir.: To trigger Simmons, state argument must look forward (access required)

A serial killer, sentenced to death under North Carolina law, did not have a constitutional right to inform his sentencing jury that he was ineligible for parole. This right, which accrues when the prosecutor points to the defendant’s future danger ...

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Va. Cir.: City’s red-light cameras constitutional (access required)

A vehicle owner served with a notice of violation, which cited a no-stop right turn on red with photo and video evidence, did not show that her constitutional rights were violated either by the city red-light-camera ordinance or its authorizing ...

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4th Cir.: Federal statute’s immunity waiver not valid (access required)

The federal Copyright Remedy Clarification Act’s broad abrogation of states’ sovereign immunity for copyright infringement was not a valid exercise of Congressional authority, either under Article I’s Copyright Clause or § 5 of the Fourteenth Amendment. Background In 1717, the ...

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