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Personal Injury

4th Cir.: Statistical significance analysis must be reliable (access required)

Experts’ calculation and application of statistical significance (p-values) must be relevant, reliable, and not likely to confuse jurors. After plaintiffs’ expert opinions were excluded, their non-expert evidence was not sufficient to survive summary judgment, and the district court appropriately granted ...

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4th Cir.: Shooting suicidal man was excessive force (access required)

An officer violated the Fourth Amendment in shooting a suicidal man who had a knife but was threatening only himself. The officer was entitled to qualified immunity, but the unconstitutionality of his actions is clearly established as of the date ...

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4th Cir.: Employer not liable for supervisor’s crude comments (access required)

A plaintiff claiming that her supervisor defamed her with crude comments at work could not hold their employer vicariously liable for the statements. The comments were outside the scope of employment, and the district court lacked any indication that this ...

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4th Cir.: Data breach victims have standing for contract claims (access required)

After credit cards were fraudulently opened in their names, a class of optometrists alleged an injury in fact traceable to their professional organization. Background In July 2016, optometrists across the nation noticed that Chase Amazon Visa credit card accounts had ...

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EDVA: Officers face trial over eviction confusion (access required)

After taking a homebuyer’s account of foreclosure purchase at face value, a sheriff and his subordinates may go to trial for events that transpired when they accompanied her to the home to remove the previous owners. Background Plaintiffs James and ...

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4th Cir.: Judgment debtor didn’t delay payment owed to Medicare (access required)

A plaintiff who was owed a medical-malpractice judgment that would partially be reimbursed to Medicare had standing to sue the judgment debtor for delayed payment. However, the 37 days between the judgment and payment did not constitute “delay.” Background In ...

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Va. Cir.: Full defendant name may relate back to “Kathy” (access required)

An amended complaint can relate back to the filing date of a name fragment if the plaintiff knew the defendant’s identity but not her name, and if all the statutory requirements of Code § 8.01-6 are met. Background Plaintiff Pam Frazier ...

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WDVA: Cabela’s customer stated claims against off-duty officers (access required)

A shopper who was handcuffed and tased by Cabela’s security guards can proceed with claims including wrongful imprisonment, assault and battery, and defamation. He may also be entitled to punitive damages. Background Defendants Patricia Eller and Wendy Brewer are Bristol ...

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Va. Cir.: Discoverable info includes entire care history (access required)

The estate of a nursing-home patient who fell and broke her hip, allegedly due to inadequate care, was entitled to broad discovery of the facility’s patient care records, personnel files, and financial information. Background This is a negligence case brought ...

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SCV: Mold statute doesn’t foreclose common law claims (access required)

Tenants alleging black mold in their walls and mushrooms growing in their carpet weren’t confined to the rights in Code § 8.01-226.12 Background Tenants sued their landlord and a real estate management company, alleging that the apartment they rented exposed them ...

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