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Tag Archives: 4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals

4th Cir: Attempts to confuse witness supported tampering conviction (access required)

Although the defendant advised a federal witness to just “tell the truth,” a jury reasonably found that her motives were criminal when she met the witness at the request of their mutual friend who was facing trial. Background In 2014, ...

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4th Cir.: Contempt, sanctions for infringement affirmed (access required)

The district court did not err in holding a childcare center in contempt for violating the terms of an injunction related to use of the word “rainbow.” The center was liable for liquidated damages and attorneys’ fees, plus the cost ...

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4th Cir.: With pedophilia diagnosis rejected, commitment ends (access required)

The district court did not err in finding that a developmentally disabled individual, civilly committed as a sexually violent predator, no longer met the criteria for continued commitment and must be released. Background Appellant Walter Wooden was born in 1956 ...

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4th Cir.: Exclusionary rule applies only after egregious conduct (access required)

In civil deportation proceedings, the exclusionary rule’s predicate of “egregious” – not merely unreasonable – Fourth Amendment violations by federal officers also applies to conduct by state and local officers. Background In 2009, Maryland Transportation Authority Police Officer Acker stopped ...

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4th Cir.: No appellate jurisdiction after voluntary dismissal (access required)

The court lacked authority to review, on the plaintiff’s appeal, a dismissal order that simply granted a putative class-action plaintiff’s request for voluntary dismissal. Background Appellant Erin Keena purchased a voucher from Appellee Groupon Inc. In the course of the ...

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4th Cir.: Policy limits upheld for certain asbestos claims (access required)

General-liability insurers could enforce their policy limits as to completed-operations and products hazard claims against the insured, stemming from decades-old asbestos exposure. Background This insurance-coverage dispute involves the applicability of two insurers’ policies to past, pending, and future asbestos-related bodily ...

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4th Cir.: Board didn’t explain change in deportation standard (access required)

A Board of Immigration Appeals decision effectively adopting a new standard for “crimes involving moral turpitude” could not rely on the new standard without offering good reasons for the change and addressing its retroactive effect. Background Petitioner Pedro Josue Jimenez-Cedillo, ...

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4th Cir.: In sentencing, conspiracy not a “crime of violence” (access required)

A defendant’s prior conviction for conspiracy to commit murder in aid of racketeering did not necessarily establish that he’d committed a “crime of violence” for purposes of federal sentence enhancement. Because conspiracy in the racketeering context does not require an ...

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Students show injury from SC school-disturbance law (access required)

Students’ fear of future arrest for violating vague school-conduct statutes was sufficiently well-founded to constitute an injury-in-fact and support their standing to challenge the laws’ constitutionality. Background In this case, a group of former and current South Carolina students has ...

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