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Tag Archives: 4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals

4th Cir.: Court costs not a “penalty” that supports removal (access required)

An immigrant was not rendered ineligible for cancellation of removal based solely on $100 in court costs that he paid after pleading guilty to a misdemeanor. Such costs, which are not discretionary and sometimes are imposed by the court clerk, ...

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4th Cir.: MS-13 murder and related convictions upheld (access required)

Six defendants tried together were properly convicted of murder and attempted murder offenses related to their gang membership. Their convictions were upheld despite challenges to prosecutorial conduct, jury instructions, evidence admitted at trial, joint trial, access to counsel, warrantless cell ...

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4th Cir.: City worker’s Title VII retaliation claim revived (access required)

Fired the day after asking for grievance paperwork, a black employee reasonably believed she was subject to a hostile work environment that was attributable to her employer. The district court erred in granting summary judgment against her. Background In August ...

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4th Cir.: EPA’s water oversight not yet triggered by state inaction (access required)

Although West Virginia has not promulgated or submitted required pollutant limits for its “biologically impaired” waterways, this failure doesn’t yet amount to a constructive submission of “no limits,” which would trigger EPA duties under the Clean Water Act. Background West ...

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4th Cir.: Vets’ tort claims against contractor not justiciable (access required)

Waste and water management systems in Iraq and Afghanistan were operationally controlled by the military, not its contractor. Thus, mass tort claims for harms caused by the contractors’ alleged environmental mismanagement were barred by the political question doctrine. Background As ...

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4th Cir.: Tip from identifiable source supported seizure (access required)

Officers acting in part on a tip from a 911 caller who gave only his first name had a reasonable articulable suspicion that the defendant had committed a crime, based on corroborating facts the officers discovered at the scene. The ...

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4th Cir.: Juvenile D.C. sniper to be resentenced under Miller (access required)

The younger “D.C. sniper,” who was a teenager when he was convicted of several murders and related crimes, must be resentenced following retroactive constitutional standards for juvenile punishment, established subsequent to his sentencing. Background During about seven weeks in 2002, ...

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4th Cir.: Failure to raise appellate issue was ineffective assistance (access required)

It was unreasonable for the defendant’s prior appellate counsel not to argue that his money laundering convictions were invalid because of a “merger” issue. Thus, the district court should not have denied the defendant’s habeas claim based on ineffective assistance ...

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4th Cir.: Court won’t rehear habeas retroactivity issue (access required)

The government was denied rehearing as to a habeas petitioner, previously granted permission to seek relief under the savings clause contained in 28 U.S.C. § 2255. Statement respecting denial (Agee, J.) The issues in this case are of significant national ...

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