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Tag Archives: Civil Rights

EDVA: Disability, equal protection claims against VBBE dismissed (access required)

A law student who was denied testing accommodations by the Virginia Board of Bar Examiners should have sought state-court review. In addition, the Board was immune from the disability claims, and the student failed to state a Fourteenth Amendment claim. ...

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WDVA: Stats needed more specificity, expert analysis (access required)

Plaintiffs who sued a police officer for discriminatory traffic stops could not prove their selective-enforcement claim with statistics that failed to establish true comparator groups and to incorporate interracial base rates for committing the offenses at issue. Background Plaintiff Rodney ...

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WDVA: Court limits use of statistics, officer testimony (access required)

In a selective law-enforcement case asserting claims of race discrimination, the plaintiffs could use arrest records to show the defendant officer’s intent to discriminate, but not to show a discriminatory effect on similarly situated individuals. In addition, the plaintiffs could ...

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4th Cir.: Students show injury from SC school-disturbance law (access required)

Students’ fear of future arrest for violating vague school-conduct statutes was sufficiently well-founded to constitute an injury-in-fact and support their standing to challenge the laws’ constitutionality. Background In this case, a group of former and current South Carolina students has ...

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EDVA: Accused student alleges viable gender-discrimination claim (access required)

A former Marymount University student, who the University found guilty of sexually assaulting another student, stated a valid “erroneous-outcome” claim against the University for its adjudication of the accusation, which he said was marred by procedural defects designed to discriminate ...

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4th Cir.: Injunction denial required specific findings (access required)

Appellant Douglas A. Hoglan, a Virginia inmate, appeals the district court’s order denying his motion for a preliminary injunction to stop the enforcement of certain provisions governing incoming prisoner mail. In particular, Hoglan challenges the institutional requirement that images with ...

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EDVA: Separation was due to absences, not disability (access required)

Although the plaintiff’s employment was terminated a matter of days after she disclosed her disability, her much-longer history of excessive absences — unrelated to her disability — constituted a legitimate, nondiscriminatory reason for separation. Background On April 22, 2013, Plaintiff ...

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4th Cir.: Agency head has qualified, not absolute, immunity (access required)

The former head of a Virginia agency, sued in her personal capacity for failure to manage patient intake at state mental health hospitals, was entitled to qualified immunity because prisons are not per se unable to safely care for mentally ...

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WDVA: Jury to consider hostile-work-environment claim (access required)

An African-American employee, fired based on her employer’s reasonable belief that she had mishandled company funds, can proceed to trial on her claim of hostile work environment based on both race and sex, despite evidence that she failed to disclose ...

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4th Cir.: Appellate fee-shifting reversed in gerrymander case (access required)

Following a 2012 challenge to Virginia’s district lines, U.S. Congress members who intervened and drove extensive appellate litigation were not liable for any of the prevailing plaintiffs’ $1.35 million in attorneys’ fees. Appellate fees also were not shifted to the ...

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