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Tag Archives: Constitutional

4th Cir.: Data breach victims have standing for contract claims (access required)

After credit cards were fraudulently opened in their names, a class of optometrists alleged an injury in fact traceable to their professional organization. Background In July 2016, optometrists across the nation noticed that Chase Amazon Visa credit card accounts had ...

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Va. Cir.: Applying new SCOTUS precedent, rear driveway was within curtilage (access required)

Applying the U.S. Supreme Court’s recent decision in Collins v. Virginia, a warrantless arrest in an area of the suspect’s driveway beyond the walkway to the front door was within the home’s curtilage and, thus, improper under the Fourth Amendment. ...

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EDVA: Officers face trial over eviction confusion (access required)

After taking a homebuyer’s account of foreclosure purchase at face value, a sheriff and his subordinates may go to trial for events that transpired when they accompanied her to the home to remove the previous owners. Background Plaintiffs James and ...

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CAV: Terry stop resistance supported probable cause (access required)

The trial court erred in granting the defendant’s motion to suppress evidence. His resistance to the efforts to handcuff him provided probable cause to arrest for obstruction of justice, thereby legitimizing the search of his person and the bundle he ...

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SCV: No error in rejected district “compactness” analysis (access required)

The circuit court did not err in confirming the constitutional validity of Virginia General Assembly legislative districts, which the plaintiffs alleged were drawn in violation of Virginia’s constitutional compactness requirement. Background The plaintiffs seek a declaratory judgment that the “State ...

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EDVA: Medical personnel face trial for inmate death (access required)

A man who was pronounced dead after a seizure he suffered while awaiting trial at the Richmond City Justice Center has, through his estate, presented sufficient evidence of medical staff’s deliberate indifference to his serious medical needs, as well as ...

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4th Cir.: PETA can challenge N.C. employee access law (access required)

Animal rights groups sufficiently alleged an injury-in-fact to support their standing to challenge a recent North Carolina statute allowing employers to hold their employees civilly liable for damage caused by unauthorized access to nonpublic areas. Background The North Carolina Property ...

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CAV: Contempt upheld for “junk” storage in backyard (access required)

A court order requiring a property owner to cure residential zoning violations gave him sufficient notice that he must remove “junk” not only from his front and side yards but also from his back yard. Background In April 2005, Henrico ...

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4th Cir.: Fired officers’ due process claims can proceed (access required)

Under clearly established law, publication of public safety officers’ allegedly defamatory termination letters to the media before holding a name-clearing hearing supported the officers’ claims of due process violations. Background During the summer of 2014, Officers with the Bald Head ...

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