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Tag Archives: Constitutional

CAV: Father wrongly excluded from adoption proceedings (access required)

Denying an incarcerated father’s request for transportation to his child’s adoption hearing, without offering him an alternative means to participate, was an abuse of the trial court’s discretion. Background On June 20, 2016, Appellee Shawn B. Foster, joined by his ...

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CAV: Conviction upheld despite altered Miranda warning (access required)

An arresting officer’s addition of the phrase “if you’re charged with a crime” to the standard Miranda warning effectively put the defendant on notice of his constitutional rights, and his subsequent incriminating statements were admissible. Background On August 3, 2012, ...

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WDVA: Student denied leave to proceed as “John Doe” (access required)

Asserting due-process claims after his school disciplined him for cheating, the plaintiff couldn’t use a pseudonym because his potential embarrassment did not outweigh the court’s presumption of openness. Background The plaintiff is a currently a senior at Defendant Virginia Polytechnic ...

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4th Cir.: Exclusionary rule applies only after egregious conduct (access required)

In civil deportation proceedings, the exclusionary rule’s predicate of “egregious” – not merely unreasonable – Fourth Amendment violations by federal officers also applies to conduct by state and local officers. Background In 2009, Maryland Transportation Authority Police Officer Acker stopped ...

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EDVA: Firearm discovered in Terry stop suppressed (access required)

Police responding to gunfire in a Richmond neighborhood unreasonably detained a group of men walking away from where they heard shots. As a result, a firearm discovered after police detained the defendant was suppressed. Background Defendant Billy Curry was indicted ...

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Va. Cir.: Interstate extradition documents proper (access required)

A habeas petitioner, wanted in California on charges of conspiracy to commit murder, was subject to extradition based on proper authorization and identification contained in California’s documents requesting such extradition from Virginia. The petitioner will remain detained pending appeal. Background ...

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4th Cir.: Students show injury from SC school-disturbance law (access required)

Students’ fear of future arrest for violating vague school-conduct statutes was sufficiently well-founded to constitute an injury-in-fact and support their standing to challenge the laws’ constitutionality. Background In this case, a group of former and current South Carolina students has ...

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EDVA: Confinement was not contrary to sentencing order (access required)

A felon convicted in Richmond Circuit Court did not suffer cognizable violations of his constitutional rights when he was confined in jail, rather than by home electronic monitoring as he believed his sentence directed. Background Plaintiff Roy Black was convicted ...

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EDVA: Police threats implied custody, triggered Miranda (access required)

A drug-trafficking defendant’s conversation with police officers was custodial when police repeatedly implied that they would arrest him that day if he didn’t become an informant, causing him to lose his job. Because these threats constituted a custodial interrogation without ...

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