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Tag Archives: Constitutional

4th Cir.: Prosecutor immune for Freddie Gray actions (access required)

Baltimore State’s Attorney Marilyn Mosby is absolutely immune from suit for her statements and prosecution of police officers involved with citizen Freddie Gray on the day he sustained fatal injuries in a police van, and the officers’ claims arising from ...

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CAV: Search proper pursuant to unchallenged warrant (access required)

The trial court should have denied defendant’s motion to suppress evidence found in a locked room in his house. Although officers entered the home without a warrant, they obtained one before entering the locked room. Background In March 2016, a Spotsylvania ...

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4th Cir.: No error in denying counsel at sentencing (access required)

A defendant who perpetrated a complicated insurance fraud scheme resulting in more than $100 million in losses was not denied his right to counsel after he repeatedly insisted on proceeding pro se but then requested counsel for his final sentencing ...

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4th Cir.: Strip club license-denial provision unconstitutional (access required)

A city ordinance empowering the police chief to deny a “sexually oriented business” license application if he determined that the business “would not comply with all applicable laws” was an overbroad prior restraint. Background The City of Rocky Mount, North ...

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4th Cir.: Feds could use artist promo photo for ID array (access required)

The government didn’t violate due process by showing a kidnapping victim a photo array with the defendant’s image cropped from his music group’s promotional poster, which the victim had seen before. Background In the summer of 2012, two U.S. citizens ...

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CAV: Request to “see” pill bottle included its contents (access required)

When a citizen conversing voluntarily with police gave them the unlabeled pill bottle in his pocket, he consented to inspection of both the outside and inside. The trial court erred in suppressing the contents. Background At around 10:30 p.m. on ...

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CAV: Psychological report admission was harmless error (access required)

Even if the circuit court erred in admitting a psychological evaluation that had not been considered by the Juvenile & Domestic Relations Court, the totality of evidence supporting termination of parental rights made any such error harmless. Background In 2003, ...

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4th Cir.: No combatant immunity for Taliban defendant (access required)

A Taliban fighter’s conviction for conspiring and attempting to destroy a U.S. helicopter in 2009 was subject to the rules of non-international conflict under the Third Geneva Convention, and accordingly U.S. courts could adjudicate and review it. Background Appellant Irek ...

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CAV: Failure to follow police commands justified seizure (access required)

Despite officers shouting at the defendant to put his hands up, he wasn’t seized for Fourth Amendment purposes until they physically removed him from his car. Because the seizure was justified by concern that the defendant was concealing a firearm, ...

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4th Cir.: State law targeting drug prices struck down (access required)

By effectively controlling drug prices charged in other states, Maryland’s newly-enacted law targeting pharmaceutical price-gouging violates the dormant Commerce Clause. Background In response to reports that pharmaceutical manufacturers were price-gouging for certain medications, Maryland’s legislature passed HB 631 during the ...

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