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Tag Archives: Constitutional

EDVA: Fees awarded in Va. Beach neighborhood suit (access required)

Waterfront property owners who brought a groundless claim against their neighbor for working as a state agent to create a special tax district are liable for his attorneys’ fees. Background In this action, the Plaintiffs allege that Defendant Frank Gurdziel ...

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4th Cir.: Court debtors’ challenge to driving suspension remanded (access required)

This case arises out of a constitutional challenge to Virginia Code § 46.2-395, pursuant to which anyone who fails to pay court costs or fines imposed after a conviction is subject to suspension of his or her driver’s license. The ...

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Va. Cir.: Firearms charges were distinct, not double jeopardy (access required)

The defendant’s conviction for possession of a weapon by a violent felon did not violate his rights under the Double Jeopardy Clause, notwithstanding his previous acquittal by jury of the separate offenses of use of a firearm in the commission ...

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SCV: Jury should have heard from both valuation experts (access required)

In a takings dispute as to the damage value to the remainder property, the trial court erred in excluding only the government’s appraiser, when the property owner’s expert’s opinion was admitted without a superior basis. Background In 2014, the Commissioner ...

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4th Cir.: Forensic search of gun smuggler’s phone reasonable (access required)

Although a forensic search of a digital phone is a “non-routine” border search that requires an individualized suspicion of illegal activity, CBP agents had such reasonable suspicion when they seized a suspected weapons smuggler’s phone and extracted communications data and ...

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EDVA: Review framework may violate immigrants’ due process rights (access required)

In a defendant’s motion to dismiss his criminal indictment for illegal re-entry, he was entitled to some meaningful review of a deportation proceeding upon which his criminal prosecution was based. While he prevailed on his constitutional claim, he could not ...

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WDVA: Cabela’s customer stated claims against off-duty officers (access required)

A shopper who was handcuffed and tased by Cabela’s security guards can proceed with claims including wrongful imprisonment, assault and battery, and defamation. He may also be entitled to punitive damages. Background Defendants Patricia Eller and Wendy Brewer are Bristol ...

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Va. Cir.: Nolle prosequi extinguishes GDC jurisdiction (access required)

A general district court’s grant of nolle prosequi was a final order that immediately divested it of jurisdiction. Thus, its subsequent actions of prompting the prosecutor to reconsider nolle prosequi, and then reversing its prior grant, were an abuse of ...

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4th Cir.: Feds could use artist promo photo for ID array (access required)

The government didn’t violate due process by showing a kidnapping victim a photo array with the defendant’s image cropped from his music group’s promotional poster, which the victim had seen before. Background In the summer of 2012, two U.S. citizens ...

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4th Cir.: Prosecutor immune for Freddie Gray actions (access required)

Baltimore State’s Attorney Marilyn Mosby is absolutely immune from suit for her statements and prosecution of police officers involved with citizen Freddie Gray on the day he sustained fatal injuries in a police van, and the officers’ claims arising from ...

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