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Tag Archives: Equal Protection

4th Cir.: “Habitual drunkard” interdiction laws upheld (access required)

A district court properly dismissed constitutional challenges to Virginia’s civil interdiction process, which can lead to criminal penalties for possession, consumption, or purchase of alcoholic beverages by individuals subject to a civil interdiction order. Background Virginia regulates the consumption, purchase, ...

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Va. Cir.: City’s red-light cameras constitutional (access required)

A vehicle owner served with a notice of violation, which cited a no-stop right turn on red with photo and video evidence, did not show that her constitutional rights were violated either by the city red-light-camera ordinance or its authorizing ...

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EDVA: Districts’ black voter thresholds lack justification (access required)

Race predominated over traditional districting factors in construction of 11 challenged Virginia House of Delegates districts. This use of race was not narrowly tailored to achieve the interest of complying with the Voting Rights Act. Thus, the district divisions are ...

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WDVA: State defendants not liable for “Unite the Right” inaction (access required)

A Charlottesville counter-protester who claimed law enforcement stood by and watched white nationalist protesters assault him and others had no constitutional right to have officers intervene in the third-party misconduct. Background In response to Charlottesville’s renaming of Lee Park, Jason ...

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EDVA: Title IX prohibits transgender discrimination (access required)

Gavin Grimm, who attended a Virginia public high school and was prohibited from using the boys’ bathroom because he was identified as female at birth, sufficiently alleged discrimination claims against the school under both Title IX and the Equal Protection ...

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4th Cir.: Court debtors’ challenge to driving suspension remanded (access required)

This case arises out of a constitutional challenge to Virginia Code § 46.2-395, pursuant to which anyone who fails to pay court costs or fines imposed after a conviction is subject to suspension of his or her driver’s license. The ...

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EDVA: Disability, equal protection claims against VBBE dismissed (access required)

A law student who was denied testing accommodations by the Virginia Board of Bar Examiners should have sought state-court review. In addition, the Board was immune from the disability claims, and the student failed to state a Fourteenth Amendment claim. ...

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WDVA: Stats needed more specificity, expert analysis (access required)

Plaintiffs who sued a police officer for discriminatory traffic stops could not prove their selective-enforcement claim with statistics that failed to establish true comparator groups and to incorporate interracial base rates for committing the offenses at issue. Background Plaintiff Rodney ...

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4th Cir.: Appellate fee-shifting reversed in gerrymander case (access required)

Following a 2012 challenge to Virginia’s district lines, U.S. Congress members who intervened and drove extensive appellate litigation were not liable for any of the prevailing plaintiffs’ $1.35 million in attorneys’ fees. Appellate fees also were not shifted to the ...

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