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Tag Archives: Judge Pamela A. Harris

4th Cir.: Forensic search of gun smuggler’s phone reasonable (access required)

Although a forensic search of a digital phone is a “non-routine” border search that requires an individualized suspicion of illegal activity, CBP agents had such reasonable suspicion when they seized a suspected weapons smuggler’s phone and extracted communications data and ...

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4th Cir.: Board didn’t explain change in deportation standard (access required)

A Board of Immigration Appeals decision effectively adopting a new standard for “crimes involving moral turpitude” could not rely on the new standard without offering good reasons for the change and addressing its retroactive effect. Background Petitioner Pedro Josue Jimenez-Cedillo, ...

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4th Cir.: Arbitrator’s decision mooted injunction appeal (access required)

An employer enjoined from moving its operations could no longer pursue its appeal after an arbitrator’s final decision. The matter was moot, despite the employer’s intention to seek attorneys’ fees. Background Appellant Airgas Inc. operates a facility in Hyattsville, Maryland, ...

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4th Cir.: Prior wounding offense merited enhanced sentence (access required)

By requiring not only the causation of bodily injury but also the specific intent to maim, disfigure, disable, or kill, Virginia unlawful wounding offense necessarily involves the use of violent force or, at minimum, the attempted or threatened use of ...

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Persecution targeting family prevents removal (access required)

Petitioner Reynaldo Salgado-Sosa, a native citizen of Honduras, seeks asylum, withholding of removal, and protection under the Convention Against Torture. According to testimony found credible by the Immigration Judge, Salgado-Sosa and his family operated two small businesses out of their ...

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Judge’s Improper Comments Were ‘Plain Error’ (access required)

The 4th Circuit vacates the immigration fraud conviction of an Algerian native who entered the U.S. through the Diversity Immigrant Visa Program, because the district judge’s “persistent and repeated” improper comments on the Program and its participants, all to the ...

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