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Judge Rudolph Bumgardner III

Nov 29, 2012

Accomplice’s Plea Supports Conspiracy

The Court of Appeals affirms defendant’s conviction for conspiring with a woman to rob victim of his television set; the woman’s guilty to plea to conspiracy supports finding a conspiracy considering other record evidence of concerted action. While moving, victim was pushing a cart loaded with a television and a box of clothes.  Victim passed […]

Nov 29, 2012

Single Blow was Malicious Wounding

The Court of Appeals affirms defendant’s conviction for malicious wounding under Johnson v. Commonwealth, 53 Va. App. 79 (2008), that a single blow delivered with sufficient brutality can support conviction for malicious wounding:  defendant hit victim with sufficient force to break his nose and orbital bone, requiring ongoing treatment; defendant boasted of his strength, threatened […]

Nov 19, 2012

Probable Cause for Seizure of FedEx Package

A detective inspecting packages at a Federal Express facility had probable cause to seize a package defendant said he was picking up for his wife, based on the package coming overnight from California, identifying “FedEx” as the sender, smelling strongly of dryer sheets often used to mask the smell of marijuana and defendant parking far […]

May 8, 2012

Physician Impairment Ratings Rejected

The Court of Appeals affirms the commission decision denying permanent total disability benefits for her left side:  the record evidence supports the commission finding that the 90 percent impairment ratings of two physicians were insufficient. Employee fell while waiting tables in 2000.  After being treated by an orthopedic specialist for a broken bone in her […]

Apr 12, 2012

State Can Quash Victim Records

On appeal of his conviction and sentence for taking indecent liberties with a minor, the Court of Appeals affirms the trial court order quashing defendant’s subpoena for victim’s mental health records; the commonwealth’s attorney had standing to make the motion and defendant failed to show the records were material to his punishment when no medical […]

Apr 12, 2012

Unlicensed Attorney Committed Fraud

The Court of Appeals affirms defendant’s four convictions of obtaining money by false pretenses; defendant falsely represented he was a Virginia licensed attorney to collect higher fees from four families seeking representation in special education matters. Defendant was licensed to practice in the District of Columbia from 1984 to 2005 when his license was suspended […]

Dec 1, 2011

Look-Alike Brother’s Conviction Reversed

The Court of Appeals reverses and dismisses the bench trial conviction of one of two brothers tried together for robbery; the trial court erred in concluding defendant should be convicted of robbery based on his greater involvement in an altercation with victim when victim testified the other brother took his cell phone. Defendant and his […]

Dec 1, 2011

Burglary Suspect Caught with Tools & Change

The Court of Appeals affirms defendant’s convictions for breaking and entering, felony vandalism, and possession of burglarious tools; the totality of circumstances gave police reasonable cause to stop defendant’s vehicle and defendant has not preserved other issues for appeal. Defendant was a suspect in a series of burglaries in commercial buildings.   Henrico police using electronic [&hell[...]

Dec 1, 2011

Concession on Intent Defeats Conspiracy

Defendant is entitled to reversal of his convictions for larceny by false pretenses and conspiracy to commit a felony and dismissal of both charges, the Court of Appeals says; the commonwealth’s concession of insufficient evidence to prove intent to defraud at the time property was obtained negates the required intent for larceny by false pretenses […]

Nov 28, 2011

Use of Statement Was Harmless Error

Defendant is not entitled to have his bench trial conviction for possessing marijuana and cocaine with intent to distribute reversed based on error in admitting his response to police asking “Do you have any more [drugs] up your ass?”; the Court of Appeals says the evidence of defendant’s guilt is overwhelming making any error in […]

Nov 21, 2011

Drug Dog Prompted Seizure

The Court of Appeals affirms defendant’s bench trial conviction, on a conditional guilty plea, to possession of cocaine with intent to distribute; defendant is not entitled to exclude cocaine seized from his underwear after a drug dog alerted on him. A police officer observed defendant standing at the side of a market on a city […]

Nov 21, 2011

Shooting was Premeditated Murder

The Court of Appeals affirms defendant’s jury trial conviction for first-degree murder: testimony of two eyewitnesses was sufficient and defendant failed to preserve his argument about the concealed weapons conviction of another alleged shooter. Victim was shot after leaving a nightclub with friends. He had stopped to talk to a group of people and his […]

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