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Opinion Digests

WDVA: Subpoena for attorney emails, work product quashed (access required)

In a teacher’s pay discrimination suit, emails and salary-comparison documents created by the school board’s attorney were privileged, even if created for pre-litigation settlement discussions. Background Plaintiff Debra Colley worked for Defendant Dickenson County public school system from 2007 until ...

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CAV: Emotional manipulation forfeited right to confrontation (access required)

By repeatedly violating a no-contact order to guilt his partner into refusing to testify against him, a domestic-abuse defendant forfeited his Sixth Amendment right to exclude her testimonial hearsay statements to law enforcement. Background Appellant Kevin Cody and Rebekka Weingarten ...

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WDVA: Motion to compel caught in procedural labyrinth (access required)

Scheduling emails with a transferring judge’s chambers justified reconsideration of the plaintiffs’ motion to compel, initially denied on the court’s belief that the failed to set it for hearing, as well as the defendants’ motion for summary judgment. Background This ...

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Va. Cir. Ct.: City couldn’t effect sale before liens ascertained (access required)

In a judicial proceeding to sell tax-delinquent realty, the Commissioner of Accounts cannot enter a decree of confirmation of sale until the value of liens against the property being sold are determined. Background This court appointed a Special Commissioner to ...

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4th Cir: Attempts to confuse witness supported tampering conviction (access required)

Although the defendant advised a federal witness to just “tell the truth,” a jury reasonably found that her motives were criminal when she met the witness at the request of their mutual friend who was facing trial. Background In 2014, ...

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4th Cir.: Contempt, sanctions for infringement affirmed (access required)

The district court did not err in holding a childcare center in contempt for violating the terms of an injunction related to use of the word “rainbow.” The center was liable for liquidated damages and attorneys’ fees, plus the cost ...

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4th Cir.: With pedophilia diagnosis rejected, commitment ends (access required)

The district court did not err in finding that a developmentally disabled individual, civilly committed as a sexually violent predator, no longer met the criteria for continued commitment and must be released. Background Appellant Walter Wooden was born in 1956 ...

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EDVA: Court won’t reconsider contributory negligence (access required)

The defendants were not entitled to reconsideration of the court’s decision to grant summary judgment to the plaintiff on the issue of his contributory negligence, as their proposed grounds amounted to mere disagreement with the court’s earlier conclusions. Background In ...

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EDVA: Willful FLSA violations merit liquidated damages, fees (access required)

An employer who admitted awareness of federal requirements but failed to keep time records was liable to its employees for unpaid overtime and unpaid lunch breaks going back three years, plus liquidated damages and attorney fees. Background Plaintiffs Catherine Riggle ...

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EDVA: Inevitable discovery applied to gun, but not statements (access required)

Officers’ search of a defendant’s bag while he was speaking with officers in another room was not incident to lawful arrest, as there was little chance he could reach the bag or control its contents at the time. The firearm ...

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